Worldwide, chemical companies are recognizing the potential of hydrogen as a feedstock and fuel source – and the most viable way for the industry to become carbon-neutral. Obstacles to realizing this future are gas leakage and storage/transport, two issues that reliable measuring instruments can help overcome.
The United States is among the many developed economies that are working toward a net-zero future. The White House has a goal of halving the country’s emissions of greenhouse gases by 2030, and to reach carbon neutrality by 2050. And in the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA) of 2021, Congress dedicated $8 billion for clean hydrogen hubs (H2Hubs) in an effort to spur hydrogen mobility. Similar initiatives and investments, on a smaller scale, are taking place in the private sector.
The Trouble with Hydrogen
Hydrogen holds much promise, but leakage is an issue. As the gas with the lowest density, H2 is notorious for escaping from pipelines and tanks. Leaks not only cost a company money, but the gas is highly flammable and also contributes to global warming.
Second, to efficiently store and transport the gas, it must first be condensed using one of the following:
• High pressure – 5,000 to 10,000+ psi
• Cryogenic liquefaction – cooling H2 below its boiling point of −423°F
• Solid-state storage
• Liquid organic hydrogen carriers (LOHCs)
Each method has its upsides and downsides, namely in energy expenditure, operational costs, and safety hazards.
These issues are challenging but not insurmountable. One thing is certain: hydrogen storage and transport require continuous control, which is possible only with accurate, reliable measurement technology.
Next Steps for the Chemical Industry
Where is your company on the road to hydrogen-enabled processes? To help you strategize, plan, and prepare for carbon-neutral operations, the chemical experts at WIKA have created the white paper “Hydrogen as a Beacon of Hope.” In addition to a hydrogen-readiness checklist, this report offers insights and more information on:
- Hydrogen as a factor in achieving net zero in the chemical industry
- How hydrogen’s unique properties create unique challenges
- Requirements of an H2 infrastructure
- Concrete steps toward preventing hydrogen leakage
- Measurement technologies as a key tool for minimizing hydrogen-related risks
WIKA USA, a Trusted Provider of Hydrogen-Optimized Instruments
Future-focused and committed to sustainability, WIKA offers innovative measurement solutions for hydrogen applications. And wherever you are on your hydrogen journey, we invite you to reach out to us with any inquiries or for more information.